Metropol ParasolSevilla, Spain
In 1990, the City Council of Sevilla decided to construct, in the Encarnación Square, an underground parking with space for a market on top. Construction was frozen due to the discovery of ruins dating from Roman and Andalusian times. In 2004 the city opened an international competition to develop the area again, but keeping these ruins intact. Metropol Parasol, the winning proposal, is a four-level scheme, in which six parasols in the form of giant mushrooms stand out. It houses an archaeological museum, a farmer’s market, an elevated plaza, and a restaurant. The elevated rooftop promenades, located on top of the parasols, offer visitors amazing views of the city. The innovative structure of the parasols consists of micro-laminated timber, while the first and second levels of the scheme lie on steel Vierendeel frames with concrete slabs. The restaurant structure is also a composite one.